Islamic Conquest of FiranjaEdit
Main article: Islamic Conquest of Firanja
Battle of Tours and Islamic Invasion of GaulEdit
The Islamic forces defeated Charlemagne at Tours. He was executed as Aquitaine fell to the Umayyad Caliphate. By 740, Aquitaine was under Islamic control. However, unlike the Islamization in Andalusia, most Muslims in Aquitaine were native and non-Arab by 745. Further battles against the Franks led to Muslim control over Gaul. Further Muslim campaigns led to all of Spain falling under Arab control.
Muslim Invasion of ItalyEdit
Main article: Muslim Invasion of Italy
The Umayyads were already in control over Sicily. From there, a naval invasion of Italy began in 753. All of southern Italy was under Muslim control in 758. However, one city was being eyes by the Muslims: Rome. The Muslims continued to expand and, by 762, all of the former Roman province of Italy was under Muslim control. The pope was slaughtered as the bishop of Aachen and the patriarch of Constantinople both claimed themselves to be pope. The Umayyads decided to begin campaigns against the Byzantines.
Muslim Invasion of GermaniaEdit
Main article: Muslim Invasion of Germania
Charlemagne fled to Germania. Pagan Vikings were being slowly converted to Islam and were helping the Arabs in the Firanja Jihad. The defeat of the Franks was almost certain. Muslim Slavs and Muslim Norse were attacking the Frankish Empire. For the Franks, the end was near. Charlemagne was killed by fellow Franks. A King Pepin was made king. However, he was even worse than Charlemagne. By 800, most of Europe (now known as Firanja) was Muslim. The Franks, seen as barbarian, were destroyed by the Muslims in 15 short years. However, Islam in Firanja was far more liberal than Islam in Africa and Asia. The Firanjan Muslims saw themselves as different than the Berbers and Arabs. The Umayyad Caliphate, which was undergoing the Golden Age of Islam, was losing Firanjan territory.
Rise of RûmEdit
Despite the fall of Constantinople to Islam, a member of the Byzantine royal family, converted to Islam, was made the ruler of what was essentially a satrapy. The satrap declared the independence of what he called a continuation of the Byzantine Empire. This state has been termed the Emirate of Rûm in the modern day. This state was strongly Muslim, but anti-Arab.
Collapse of the Umayyad CaliphateEdit
Stresses from ethnic groups within the caliphate led to its demise in 812. Although the golden age of Islam continued, the caliphate collapsed. In its place, numerous nations gained independence, but in Arabia, an "Abbasid Caliphate" gained independence. They were occupied in wars with the Egyptian Fatimid Caliphate in its place. However, the Muslim world was still proud of their newfound prosperity. In Firanja, the use of Hindu numerals was widespread. The greatest Firanjan nation was the Sultanate of Ruma. Its capital of Ruma had a great mosque where the Vatican once stood. Taking elements from cathedrals, the Roma Masjid was unarguably the greatest mosque in all of Firanja.
The looseness of Firanjan Islam, which was becoming its own religion, was seen by the Arabs as infidelic. The Fatimid and Abbasid Caliphates both hated the infidels. Jihadi was declared in 852. Notably, Christian methods of warfare were utilized. The jihad ended with a Firanjan victory as Frankish and Greek Muslim soldiers conquered Jerusalem almost single-handedly. The Sultan of Roma decided to appoint a caliph. The caliph was very similar to the pope and, in what was termed the Islamic Church, Firanja broke away from both Sunni and Shiite Islam. There were now three major sects of Islam: Ruman Islam, Sunni Islam, and Shiite Islam. Despite the Islamization of Europe, hatred of the Arabs remained ingrained in the mind of the Firanjans. The Saracens were still hated by the Firanjans.
Norse Invasion of the British IslesEdit
The British Isles were under the control of Christian Celts and Anglo-Saxons. It and Armur were the only majority Christian region in Europe. It was all that remained of the Christendom. However, the Muslim Norse were raiding Britain. Immediately, after realizing its populace was Christian, the Norse sent Islamic missionaries into the region. In addition, there was a widespread Norse settlement of the region. To the Norse, the entire region was the same. The Norse were a power at the time, settling land from Rus' to Britain. However, the British isles became known as Bretland. Norse culture was spreading rapidly and the rulers, who were great patrons of Roman Islam, were becoming powerful.