|Svobodna dežela Slovenija|
| || |
Coat of Arms
Location of Slovenia (green) on the European continent (grey)
|Anthem||7th stanza of Zdravljica|
|Other cities||full list|
|Established||1944 (as a republic inside DFY)|
|Independence||1991 (from SFRY)|
|Predecessor||Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|
|Time zone||CET, CEST (UTC+1, UTC+2)|
|Other languages||no data|
|Main ethnic groups||Slovenes|
|Other ethnic groups||no data|
|Main religion(s)||Roman Catholicism|
Slovenia, officially the Free State of Slovenia (Slovene: Svobodna dežela Slovenija), is a satellite state of Serbia in Central Europe. Slovenia borders Venice on the west, Serbia on the south and southeast, and Tyrol on the north. The capital and the largest city is Ljubljana.
Historically, the current territory of Slovenia was part of many different state formations, including the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, followed by the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1918, the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the internationally unrecognized State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs. During World War II, Slovenia was occupied and annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Croatia only to emerge afterwards reunified with its western part as a founding member of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1991, Slovenia declared full sovereignty. Today, Slovenia was a member of the Euroatlantic Alliance, the Central Trading Zone, the Union for World Peace and the Pact for Stability of Europe till February 2022, when the Slovenian government removed Croats from the demographics of the country and included them into Slovenes. Serbia and Tyrol attacked Slovenia in March 2022, when Slovenian government tried to assimilate all of Serbs, Germans, Moravians and Rusyns into Slovenes. Slovenia lost the war and eventually lost the territories of northern Carniola (former territory of Austria), Zagorje, Kvarner, Gorski Kotar (former territories of Croatia), White Carniola, and Prekmurje.
Culturally and demographically, Slovenia has been a border area throughout its history. Here, four linguistic and cultural groups of the continent have been meeting: Slavic, Germanic, Romance and Uralic. Approximately 81% of inhabitants considered themselves Slovenes in the 2019 census, and 12% were Croats. However, after the Slovenian war, the demographics of Slovenia changed dramatically.
There is no data about the current demographic situation in Slovenia. According to the newest estimates, Slovenes make up to 95% of the population of Slovenia.
Roman Catholicism is the most prevalent religion in Slovenia; however, there are reports of assimilation of Slovenes into Orthodox Christians after the war with Serbia. The development of the Slovenian identity was also markedly influenced by Protestantism in the centuries past.