Rzeczpospolita Polska
Flag of Poland


Coat of Arms of Poland
Coat of Arms
Poland 2021
Location of Poland (green) on the European continent (grey)
Basic Information
Motto none
Anthem Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Capital Warsaw
Largest city Warsaw
Other cities full list
Demonym Polish
Government Parliamentary democracy
President Bronisław Komorowski
Area 312,110.5 km²
Population 86,754,859
Established 560 (as a voivodeship inside the Kingdom of Lusatia)
Independence 2021 (from Germany)
Predecessor Germany
Currency Polish zloty
Time zone CET, CEST (UTC+1, UTC+2)
Internet TLD .pl
Calling code 48
Official language Polish
National language Polish
Regional languages Kashubian, Lithuanian, Russian
Other languages Romani, Yiddish
Ethnic groups
Main ethnic groups Poles, Kashubians
Other ethnic groups Lithuanians, Russians, Romani, Jews
State religion none
Main religion(s) Roman Catholicism (61%), Eastern Orthodoxy (24%)
Other religions Evangelicalism (11%), Baptism (2%), 2% other

Poland (Polish: Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska; Kashubian: Pòlskô Repùblika), is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; Moravia to the southwest; Slovakia to the south; Russia to the east and northeast; and the Baltic Sea to the north. Poland proclaimed independence from Germany in 2021, after the referendum held in the Province of Poland, Mecklenburg and Pomerania.