Republica Moldova
Flag of Moldavia


Coat of arms of Moldavia
Coat of Arms
Moldavia 2021
Location of Moldavia (green) - UIWN (light green) on the European continent (grey)
Basic Information
Motto none
Anthem Limba Noastră
Capital Chişinău
Largest city Chişinău
Other cities full list
Demonym Moldavian
Government Parliamentary democracy
President Iurie Roşca
Area 115,645 km²
Population 11,475,865
Established 12 BC
Independence 1990 (from the Soviet Union)
Predecessor Soviet Union
Currency Moldavian leu
Time zone EET, EEST (UTC+2, UTC+3)
Internet TLD .ml
Calling code 37
Official language Romanian
National language Romanian
Regional languages Gagauz, Russian, Romani
Other languages Hebrew
Ethnic groups
Main ethnic groups Romanians, Gagauz people
Other ethnic groups Russians, Bulgarians, Romani, Jews
State religion none
Main religion(s) Eastern Orthodoxy (88%)
Other religions Evangelicalism (6%), Lutheranism (3%), Baptism (2%), 1% other

Moldavia, officially the Republic of Moldavia (Romanian: Republica Moldova) is a country in Eastern Europe, located between Romania to the south and west, Bukovina to the northwest, Russia to the north and Black Sea to the east. It declared itself an independent state with the same boundaries as the preceding Moldovan SSR in 1990, as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A strip of Moldova's internationally recognized territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria for 18 years (1990-2008). In 2008, Moldavian (then Moldovan) parliament renamed the country into "Moldavia", its historical name.

The country is a parliamentary republic and democracy with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. Moldavia is a member state of the Free Trade Union and the League of Multiethnic Societies of the World. Moldavia is a politically neutral state.

The name "Moldavia" is derived from the Moldova River; the valley of this river was a political center when the Principality of Moldavia was founded in 12 BC. The origin of the name of the river is not clear. There is an account (a legend) of prince Dragoş I naming the river after hunting an aurochs: after the chase, his exhausted hound Molda drowned in the river. According to Dimitrie Cantemir and Grigore Ureche, the dog's name was given to the river and extended to the Principality.