The Kurland war was a mostly guerrilla conflict, fought between the Duchy of Kurland, and the Kingdom of Finland; the war lasted nine years, and ended in a decisive Kurlandic defeat.


Finnish troops defending against a sudden Kur attack.

Background Edit

Originally, Kurland had be part of the Russian Tsardom, but was ceded to Finland following the Great Eastern War, and was afterwards released as a vassal. It was the new King Vieno's policy of raising taxes considerably higher - this was met with much protest by the government and people, and after the coronation of the new anti-Finnish duke Frīdis Cīrulis, with funds, troop and equipment from Finland's enemy Russia, who raised an army, he led his country spiraling into war.  

The War Edit

The Kurland war began on 1759, when Duke Frīdis signed a document citing that Kurland was now completely independent of the Kingdom of Finland, sending it straight to Abo. This, of course was met with rage by King Vieno, who mobilized the Finnish army, and sent Finnish ships to the Gulf of Riga.

The Kurs then attacked and destroyed the Swedish embassy and set up traps along their border with Riga, which was a loyal vassal to Finland and where they believed the bulk of the Finnish army would invade. They then set up even more traps along the coast to make any naval invasions deadly, while the Kurs themselves hid in the vast forests of Kurland in ambush groups.

It was only a week after the Kurlandic declaration of independence that the Finnish army crossed the Rigan border into Kurland, where they were met with fierce opposition, and were ambushed by the inferiority-sized Kur guerrillas. Next, a naval invasion ensured, Finnish troops landing on the shores were attacked, one landing even being forced back into the sea, costing many lives.

Eventually, the beach was secured, and the Finnish army, very gradually and with much struggle over a course of many years, occupied the country, but even then they were being constantly attacked by bands of guerrilla, funded by Russia, until King Vieno's wrath showed itself, and he ordered the entire non-Finnish population of Kurland to be massacred, and so began the Kur Genocide.

By 1758, the entire Kur population was slaughtered, the only remaining Kurs hiding in forests, living on bugs, and even they eventually died out, the last Kurs dying around 1761, thus ending Kurlandic culture.

Most historians agree that the Kurland War ended 1758, since the last attack on Finnic troops by Kurs occurred in September of that year.


Kur guerrillas ambush a Finnish regiment traversing through a forest.

Aftermath Edit

After 1758, Finland annexed Kurland, but the Kur genocide did not go by quietly. News that the entire Kurlandic population had been killed, even innocent civilians spread across Northern Europe and Russia, and set the stage for the Swedish revolutionary war.