Since The BegginingEdit
- John C Calhoun decides to support the acquisition of all of Mexico, where in OTL he was opposed to it. In TTL he considered Mexico a place to expand slavery to. Thus, with Calhoun rallying the support of the South, the United States force Mexico to disband their government, and it becomes a territory of the United States in 1848. There was relatively little resistance by the population because of the unpopularity of the Santa Anna Government.
- Since The Begining After United States Success Increasing Peoples With Speak Spanish And Fails To Take Florida But USA Takes Florida In Aftermath of Mexican-American War With Unification
- In Begining Of Oregon War U.S. Government Takes Oregon
- By this time the territories of California, Chihuahua, Sonora, and some others are ready to be admitted to the Union. This arouses fierce debate in Washington, as none of these territories want to have slavery. The admission of so many free states would upset the balance in the senate between free and slave states. Thus a great compromise is needed. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun step forward. After weeks of debate, there is a compromise, called the great compromise. It's details include the following:
- All future states which will be admitted to the Union will decide upon the issue of slavery by popular sovereignty.
- A new fugitive slave law will be made in order to stop the escape of fugitive slaves.
- Federal grants will be made, encouraging current slave-holding states to break into smaller states, and non slave-holding states to combine, thus equalizing representation in the senate.
- By this time Mexico has been carved up so that there are no so many states, thus appeasing the south. North Mexico includes Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Nueva Leon, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila. South Mexico contains Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, southern Veracruz, and Michoacan. Yucatan is made up of Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, and Tabasco. The remaining states make up the State of Mexico. All have been admitted to the union at this time. Texas has also been split up into West Texas, Houston, North Texas, and Alamo.
- The Kansas-Nebraska Act causes unrest in America. The south, still behind in number of slave states needs Kansas to allow slavery. Calls for secession grow.
- NOVEMBER. Abraham Lincoln wins the Election by a large majority, helped significantly by the electoral votes of the new Mexican states. Lincoln was seen as more friendly to other races because of his opposition to the expansion of slavery, and thus the former Mexicans supported him.
- The states of South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and all the Texas states secede, claiming that Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery.
- MARCH. Lincoln is inaugurated. In his address to the nation, he says "I will work to preserve the union which our forefathers forged through their sweat and blood." Lincoln mobilizes the army, but does not order any incursion into the newly formed Confederate States of America.
- APRIL. The opening shots of the Civil war are fired at Fort Sumter, when Lincoln tries to re-inforce the garrison. Lincoln orders George McClellan to execute the Python plan. This was the Plan that Lincoln had been working on since the secession of the south months earlier. the plan called for the following.
- The main body of the union forces would attempt to capture Richmond.
- Another Army would move south along the Mississippi from Illinois.
- A third army would move North out of Northern Mexico. They would march on Houston, then New Orleans, and eventually meet up with the second army moving south.
- Confederate General Robert E. Lee moves his army into northern Virginia to counter McClellan who had recently crossed the border.
- MAY. McClellan and Lee meet in the battle of Manassas on the first. Lee routs McClellan and the Army of the Potomac retreats back over the Potomac.
- Before General Grant can move into the state of Alamo, he must first move his army south to deal with a rebellion by Mexican Nationalists who want to recreate the old Mexican Empire. Grant puts down the rebellion when he defeats the rebel forces in the siege of Mexico City. By the end of the month he is back at the border poised to cross the Rio Grande.
- On the sixth General Hooker leads an army of about 20,000 men across the Ohio river at Cairo, Illinois and begins marching down the east side. He is resupplied and protected by gunboats on the Mississippi. He is largely uncontested, save a few sporadic cavalry raids. He decides to divide his forces and sends about 5,000 men across the river to march north and capture St. Louis.
- JUNE. On the second, the contingent of men Hooker sent north is ambushed by a confederate force of about 10,000 men and destroyed.
- Three days later General Grant crosses into Texas and Defeats small contingent of Texans in the battle of Brownsville. He too is being supplied by water, by the U.S. Navy in the gulf coast.
- General Lee crosses the Potomac into Maryland with about 40,000 troops, and fights the battle of Washington with McClellan, who commands about 55,000. The battle is a stalemate with both sides suffering heavy casualties. Lee retreats into Virginia to Arlington, with his Army still within sight of Washington.
- Hooker is ambushed at the gates of Memphis by a force defending it and the force from Missouri which had been trailing Hooker's for miles. Hooker is defeated, but manages to salvage about 2/3 of his force and returns north.
- Lee makes another move on the 30th. He had been moving most of the CSA's forces East, and so he took about 35,000 troops to distract McClellan. General Stonewall Jackson took about 20,000 troops farther west in an indirect attack on the Northeast.
- Lee leads McClellan on a chase through Maryland and southern Pennsylvania for over a week, while Jackson moved north sacking Harrisburg, Reading and approaching Philadelphia.
- Lee finds his army pinned down by Union artillery in the Juniata river valley. He is forced to surrender and is taken captive by McClellan's forces, along with a large part of the Army of Northern Virginia.
- JULY. Jackson retreats back into Virginia, since his small force cannot stand up to McClellan's larger force.
- Grant takes Houston after a week-long siege. He is puzzled at why more resistance is not being thrown against him.
- Hooker attempts to cross the Mississippi again but this time his landing is turned back by General Albert Sidney Johnson.
- McClellan enters Virginia. He marches onto Richmond, but is hindered by a hostile population who sabotages his army multiple times. On the 24th he reaches Richmond, and Jackson is entrenched in front of the city. McClellan sends in wave after wave, but they are all rebuffed by Jackson with minimal losses. McClellan is removed from command because he lost almost half of his 60,000 men. The reality sets in that this war will be long and hard.
- AUGUST. In the east both sides return to their borders after suffering incredible losses of men. A draft is instituted in both the North and South to replace the tens of thousands both sides have lost. The one place the north has had success is in Texas, where Grant is now approaching Louisiana.
- On the 9th Jackson sends Longstreet west to try to hold back Grant, while waiting for Lincoln to name a successor to McClellan.
- On the 24th Lincoln recalls Grant to the East to Command the main Union force. Burnside takes control of the Army in Texas.
- SEPTEMBER. Both sides make harassing raids in the East but nothing more.
- OCTOBER. Burnside besieges New Orleans, but is soon forced to break off the siege when Longstreet attacks with a superior force.
- NOVEMBER. Both armies in the east make camp for the winter. Hooker's forces are re-inforced in the Midwest.
- DECEMBER. Grant meets with Lincoln to discuss strategy for the next year. Jackson does the same with Jefferson Davis. The Union decides to raise armies from the Mexican states. Until this point the armies had only been formed by the states who were in the union before 1848. They also decide to start admitting Blacks into the Army.
- JANUARY. The Union decides they are going to commit everything to gamble everything on another push at Richmond. The Confederates decide they will defeat any northern attack and then go on the offensive attacking Washington D.C. Towards the end of the month the Mexican units are taking shape.
- MARCH. Grant withdraws 90% of all Union forces currently west of the Appalachians to the area outside Washington D.C. These soldiers will soon be replaced by even greater numbers of soldiers from Mexico.
- The Union launches operation Bone-Crusher on the 31st. Grant Marches into Virginia with nearly 80,000 men. Jackson has about 60,000 under his command. Both armies have been revitalized by the draft, and are fresh after a winter of rest. The two armies meet around Fredericksburg. Grant is repulsed in his initial assault on the Confederates who hold the high ground. but on the second day he performs a flanking maneuver and drives Jackson from the field. Neither side suffers more than mild casualties.
- APRIL. The second battle of Richmond starts. This time the Union forces completely encircle the city and a siege begins.
- MAY. General Burnside captures New Orleans, and General Hooker makes another excursion into Kentucky. Longstreet has returned east with almost all Confederate soldiers west of he Appalachians to try to relieve Jackson.
- JUNE. The siege of Richmond is now in its second month. Conditions are getting desperate behind the trenches, as food is running low. At the end of the month Longstreet approaches Richmond with about 20,000 weary men.
- JULY. Grant takes half of his forces to deal with Longstreet, and leaves Reynolds in charge of the siege. During this time Jackson attempts a breakout. He is successful and Reynolds takes the army in a retreat to rejoin Grant. Longstreet and Jackson meet up and launch an attack against the Union forces who are still trying to organize. The next day they meet five miles from Richmond. At first it appears that Grant's middle is about the break, but then they recover and hold the line. Both sides suffer heavy losses but in the end Jackson must retreat. Lincoln uses the victory as a chance to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves, in the USA and CSA. Martial law is declared in Maryland to deal with Anti-Lincoln riots.
- AUGUSTUnable to engage Jackson in any other major battle, Grant retreats to Washington for resupply. On the way he burns Richmond. After the siege was broken, the CSA government had been evacuated and relocated to Charleston.
- SEPTEMBER. The armies under Burnside and Hooker meet at Memphis. The confederacy is now cut in half.
- OCTOBER. Jackson camps near the ashes of Richmond, while Grant camps in Arlington, on the Virginia side of the Potomac to make a statement. The combined armies of Burnside and Hooker make camp near Memphis.
- November. The CSA makes pleas to Britain and France for aid but none is forthcoming.
- December. Grant meets with Lincoln to decide on strategy for the next year. The same is done in the confederacy.
- MARCH. Lincoln and Grant start operation decimation. This will involve a shifting of troops west, while still maintaining a large army in the east to occupy Jackson. The Army under the Command of Burnside and Hooker swells to over 40,000 while Grant's force is still about 50,000. Jackson commands 40,000 men in the est, and sends Longstreet west to command a force of 25,000. The plan in the west is for Hooker to take 15,000 men east through Kentucky, Burnside to take 10,000 south into Alabama, and General Sherman to take 15,000 southeast towards Georgia. All three were ordered to destroy everything in their path.
- MAY. Longstreet engages Hooker near Bowling Green, KY. Longstreet's superior forces prevail, and Hooker retreats to the southwest, in an attempt to link up with Sherman. Grant continues to pursue Jackson, stretching his supply lines, while burning anything in his sight. An army consisting of entirely of Hispanics, officers and enlisted men begins an attack to take control of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri.
- JUNE. Burnside takes Jackson with only light resistance. almost all southern manpower currently available is under the control of Jackson or Longstreet. Hooker meets up with Sherman just prior to their arrival at Chattanooga. Longstreet also arrives, but does not engage the Union force. On the 18th Jackson sends Jeb Stuart to cut Grant's supply lines, and he succeeds, Grant is forced to retreat. Longstreet digs in on the south side of he Cumberland, with his 25,000 men, and the few thousand local defenders. Grant and Hooker prepare to attack with their forces of about 30,000, because they had been slightly re-inforced. Their forces manage to gain a foothold on the southern bank, but the fighting is bloody, and a breakout is not happening.
- JULY. On the fourth, a task force of about five thousand crosses the Cumberland ten miles down the river. They take Longstreet in the rear, and this as well as an attack from the front force Longstreet to flea. On the 18th, Burnside marches into Mobile.
- AUGUST. Grant makes one last push in the summer campaigns and attacks Jackson at Charlottesville on the 31st. Both sides take high casualties, and Grant retreats. However, the victor is Grant, as the South cannot afford these casualties as well. Sherman marches into Georgia, but is harassed the whole way by Longstreet. Burnside has to stop his advance because of his long supply lines.
- SEPTEMBER. Both sides take an opportunity to rest and resupply. All of the land west of the Mississippi is now under union control.
- OCTOBER. The western armies are ordered to halt, so that the Government can consolidate their hold on Tennessee, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. the only parts of the confederacy that remain in rebel hands are Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and some of Kentucky.
- NOVEMBER. Strategy is reviewed for both sides for the following year. The debate in the north is whether to devote the main force to try to destroy Jackson, or continue from the west. The confederates are debating whether or not to attack and risk everything, or try to defend. The union decides to devote everything in the east, while the Confederates decide to attack.
- February. Jackson gathers the remainder of the Confederacies man power. He recalls Longstreet and leaves only a ghost force to hold down the west. Jackson summons about 65,000 men. Grant recalls all of Burnside's forces, and a portion of Sherman's. This leaves Sherman with about 20,000, while Grant summons about 70,000.
- March. The confederates take the union off guard launching an attack earlier than expected. Grant falls back across the Potomac.
- April. Jackson crosses the Potomac. His goal is to capture Philadelphia. He meets with Grant at the battle of Antietam. Grant is defeated, but at a high cost to Jackson. In the west, Sherman takes Atlanta.
- June. Jackson again meets Grant at the battle of Baltimore. Grant is victorious, after a failed charge which devastates the confederate forces. Sherman sacks Augusta.
- July. Jackson retreats into Virginia, with Grant hot on his heels.
- August. Sherman sacks Savannah. Grant relentlessly pursues Jackson, wearing down his forces.
- September. Jackson is still running.
- October. The confederate government is moved to Raleigh, as Sherman closes in on Charleston. Sherman does reach Charleston on Halloween.
- November. Sherman makes camp in Charleston. Grant does the same back in Maryland. Jackson does the same near Norfolk. Lincoln wins reelection.
- March. Sherman moves north along the coast. Grant moves south into Virginia. He engages Jackson at the battle of Norfolk. Grant suffers heavy casualties, but he quickly replaces it. Jackson can't replace what he loses.
- April. Sherman reaches Raleigh, NC. Grant fights Jackson at Newport news. Again Grant suffers heavy losses, but the ones suffered by Jackson are far more lethal.
- May. Jackson is surrounded at Elizabeth City, NC when he is taken from behind by Sherman, who is advancing up the coast. Jackson surrenders and the Civil War is over.
- July. On the fourth, Abraham Lincoln announces he will allow all former confederate states back into the Union. Once they ratify the 13th amendment banning slavery, and 25% of the population signed pledges of loyalty to the union they would be readmitted with full rights. Many more radical republicans question the wisdom of this, but Lincoln was the unquestioned leader of the nation, so they went along.
- By May all of the seceding states had been readmitted. The government appropriated large amounts of money to help rebuild the south.
- Congress passes the 14th amendment, conferring basic civil rights on all people in the US regardless of race.
- In March, the American public is outraged when they learn that the British and French governments had been supplying the Confederacy with with supplies, as well as letting Confederate warships dock in their harbors. The British did this because they felt that the Americans were growing too powerful, and wanted to weaken them by supporting the Confederacy. Because of this Anglo-American relations take a turn for the worse.
- Abraham Lincoln is elected to a third term. He promises to lead the nation in four more years of healing.
- Franco-Prussian war starts in Europe. The Germans win a decisive victory.
- The Federal government is able to pass various civil rights laws, guaranteeing All male citizens over 21 the right to vote.
- Some outraged northerners take things into their own hands and begin making raids into Canada. Lincoln and the government quickly denounce these raids as vigilante and illegal. They continue for months, despite the governments efforts to put them down.
- McKinley elected. The successfully purchases Philippines from Spain, because The Spanish are deep in debt. The people are no friendlier to the Americans than to the Spanish. He later purchases Wake and Guam.
- Shortly after his reelection McKinley is assassinated by a socialist. Teddy Roosevelt is sworn in as president. HE immediately increases the size of the military and makes promises to the European nations that he will enforce the Monroe Doctrine. This is because many European nations had recently become more aggressive in the western hemisphere. Roosevelt acquires Hawaii.
- After failed attempts to buy the Panamanian peninsula from the Colombians, Theodore Roosevelt orders the invasion of Panama. This all creates severe backlash against Roosevelt in the states. Many call him a barbarian, and he is nearly impeached. The only thing that saved him was his terrific record of domestic reform. He realizes he may have crossed the line and over the next few years concentrates his efforts on domestic reforms.
- Roosevelt helps pass many social reforms including: laws prohibiting child labor, laws regulating trusts, and laws allowing labor to organize. this last set of laws is especially remarkable, as after the civil war business had been allowed to flourish without government intervention, making America one of the largest industrial manufacturers in the world.
- Roosevelt wins the election.
- Roosevelt passes legislation allowing women to vote in local and state elections but not national elections.
- Britain, fearing further expansion of America, buys Alaska from the Russians (the price is same as the Americans bought it in OTL), and prepares plans to seize northern Columbia, thus stopping any contiguous American Expansion. Roosevelt says "The British are sticking their noses where they do not belong, and are going to get it broken."
- The British invade both Venezuela and Colombia from British Guyana. In three months they have conquered the northern coasts of these two Nations. They sign a peace Treaty, and Venezuela and Colombia merge into one nation, because otherwise the Venezuelans would have lacked a coastline. The Colombians still control about a hundred mile stretch of coastline on the Pacific. Britain also conquers Central America, Suriname and French Guiana.
- Roosevelt is outraged, but dares not do anything because of the unpopularity of his previous Latin American escapades.
- The Panama Canal is completed. The Latin American conquests begin to bear fruit. The source of cheap labor is a boon to industrialists. Cities like Guatemala city, San Jose and Tegucigalpa see rapid industrialization. In response to some saying that America was taking advantage of its newest members, a minimum wage law is passed. This slows growth, but it still continues quickly. The wages made by Latin Americans are now much higher than what they made before conquest, thus helping to further pacify them. By the end of the year, they have all been accepted as states.
- Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated. World War One begins. Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Turks fight France, Britain, and Russia. Britain enters the war right away and Begins blockading the German coast. This angers the neutral Americans, who looked to profit from both sides.
- Americans are angered at both sides when both the Germans and British sink supplies bound for the other on American ships.
- Fighting bogs down into brutal trench warfare.
- Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. He wins on a campaign pledge to keep the Americans out of the war. Roosevelt who is normally more militaristic, reached this decision because he thought the Americans could emerge as a world power after the two warring sides drained each other of manpower.
- Germans begin the battle of Verdun.
- The British launch the battle of the Somme.
- At the end of the year both sides have suffered high casualties. there is talk of a possible cease fire.
- The February revolution occurs and Russia drops out of the war. The Germans had been sending out feelers for a peace agreement. This ends that possibility of peace, as Germany's hopes rise.
- Germany decides not to resume unrestricted Submarine warfare, as they don't want to provoke the US.
- Expecting a huge influx of Veterans from the eastern front the British and French launch a huge offensive. They start it on June 1st. This is the largest offensive they have made so far, as both the French and British had reduced forces in their colonies to a mere pittance. The British struck out from Ypres on the first. The French struck out from Verdun on the Fifth. This delay was hoped to take the Germans by surprise, they hopefully would have moved troops north to deal with the British and thus would not be able to redirect them fast enough to halt the French. The goal was to meet at Florennes by the end of the month, encircling the German army in between. Both armies would employ significant amounts of tanks.
- The battle begins. The British make large gains on the first few days. The Tanks cross the trenches and the Germans who were unfamiliar with the, fell back in disorder. In three days the British reach Renaix. Then the French launch their part. They meet lower resistance levels than they were used to, thus moralizing the troops that had been on the edge of mutiny. In a week they reach Sedan. The Germans realize what is happening. After just a week of offensive a pincer has formed they throw everything they have into stopping it. By the end of the next week they have slowed the advance, but it is still going. The British have reached Mons, and the French have reached Fumay. Just a fifty mile gap remains in the pocket. Soon however the Germans learn how to defend against tanks. They get a big enough influx of personnel from the east that the fronts of the two pincers never move closer than forty miles. The British moved fifty miles, and the french sixty, but they fell short of their objective.
- The Germans begin their Spring offensive against the allies who seem to have given their last great push. The German strategy is to push north from Lens to Calais, a distance of over 60 miles. To deceive the Allies they first launch a week long artillery assault in the south, making it appear they are going to try to attack the French. Troops are moved accordingly. On April first the Germans strike out from Lens. They cover two miles in the first day. The next they cover 3. By the end of the week they have covered 15 and have reached Lillers. By the end of the month they have reached the sea. Most of the British army is trapped. They start a massive evacuation at Dunkirk. With the British out of the picture temporarily The Germans turn toward Paris, capturing and ending the war.
- In the peace treaty France handed over all of their colonies to Germany, and to pay reparations.
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- Today And Its Now